Revealed Jun 18, 2021
A 126 format movie cartridge loaded into the again of a Kodak Instamatic X-15 digicam.
Photograph: Robert Couse-Baker
Simply as digital images has a number of sensor sizes, movie images has a number of movie codecs and sizes, a few of that are simpler to get than others (and a few of that are unimaginable). We already took a detailed have a look at the most common film types and formats and on this article, we’ll have a look at much less frequent and discontinued movie codecs.
APS (Superior Photograph System)
A roll of Kodak APS movie.
APS was developed in 1996 as an easier and extra versatile various to 35mm. This format is smaller than 35mm, producing a 24mm-wide damaging. APS makes use of a sealed cassette that not solely makes for simpler loading however will be eliminated and reloaded mid-roll. APS movie has the power to seize information equivalent to time and date, facet ratio (a number of facet ratio crops have been obtainable in APS cameras, together with 16:9), and even captions, with the data recorded on the movie both optically or magnetically.
APS right now
APS movie was discontinued in 2011, a sufferer of the buyer images market’s transfer from movie to digital images (and later digicam telephones). Although there have been interchangeable lens SLRs that used APS movie (the Canon EOS IX and Nikon Pronea sequence are the very best recognized), this format was much less widespread with hobbyists and execs as a result of its smaller damaging produced photos inferior in high quality to 35mm. Nonetheless, the essential format lives on, because the damaging measurement was the idea for right now’s digital APS-C sensors.
Standing: In manufacturing and obtainable
A Kodak 110 format ‘pocket digicam’ and a cartridge of 110 movie.
Photograph: Joost J. Bakker
110 is a cartridge-format film that produces a 13×17 mm damaging. Developed by Kodak within the early Seventies for its Pocket Instamatic cameras, it was a follow-on to 126 format (see beneath) that enabled the manufacturing of small, skinny cameras that might literally fit in a pocket. Image high quality from low-end 110 cameras might be fairly poor in comparison with 35mm, although Pentax and Minolta developed 110-format interchangeable lens SLRs that produced good photos.
110 movie right now
Although main movie producers discontinued 110 measurement movie some years in the past, a number of emulsions are actually again available on the market. Lomography makes six different types of 110 film, together with coloration print, coloration slide, and black-and-white. Not all labs can develop 110 measurement movie, although it’s attainable to purchase (or modify) adjustable reels for house creating.
Kodak launched the 126 ‘Instamatic‘ format in 1963 as an easier-to-use various to 35mm and 120 roll movie. Like 110 movie, 126 movie makes use of a cartridge that merely drops into the digicam, making it almost unimaginable to mis-load. The movie itself is similar measurement as 35mm, however the perforation sample is completely different and the picture measurement is 28 x 28 mm sq.. 126 was outdated by smaller 110-film cameras and self-loading, auto-winding 35mm point-and-shoot cameras.
126 movie right now
126 movie was discontinued over a decade in the past, and whereas it’s attainable to search out expired movie, processing it commercially might be difficult, relying on the place you reside. For house processing, the movie will be developed on 35mm reels. 126 cartridges will be wound with 35mm movie, however the latter’s sprocket sample means the cameras could not wind correctly.
Kodak disc movie and a Kodak Disc 4000 digicam.
Photograph: D. Meyer
Disc movie, launched by Kodak in 1982, includes a rotating daisy-wheel movie disc in a nearly-flat plastic cartridge. By eliminating the roll, Kodak was in a position to develop a line of very skinny automated cameras that used the brand new format. Gross sales have been sturdy at first, however awful picture high quality from the tiny 10x8mm negatives and a brand new era of auto-loading 35mm point-and-shoot automatics shortly sealed the Disc’s destiny. Although different producers made Disc cameras (and movie), Kodak killed the cameras simply six years after they have been launched, and disc movie is taken into account one of many greatest flops in Kodak’s historical past.
Disc movie right now
Kodak was the primary and solely producer of disc movie; it was discontinued in 1999. When you’re actually a glutton for punishment, it’s attainable to make your own disc film using sheet film and an existing Kodak Disc cartridge.
Different unusual movie sorts?
Are there another unusual movie sorts you’ll be able to consider? Tell us within the feedback beneath. And please be at liberty to share your favourite/least favourite reminiscences capturing any of the above-mentioned codecs!
About our newbie’s information to movie images
Our Absolute beginner’s guide to film photography is an academic sequence of articles targeted on demystifying the ins and outs of analog images. Geared towards these discovering (or re-discovering) movie, the sequence will cowl all the pieces from gear, to method and extra. View the entire articles in our information here.